What is chess?
Chess is believed to have originated in northern India or eastern Iran around the 6th century AD. The game was likely derived from the Indian game of chaturanga, which was played on a board of eight rows and eight columns with pieces representing the four divisions of the Hindu-Brahmin army: infantry, cavalry, elephants, and chariots.
The game of chess then spread to the Islamic world and eventually made its way to the West, where it evolved and was refined over time. By the 15th century, modern chess as we know it today had emerged, with the queen and bishop taking on their current abilities, and the rules and notation being codified.
modern chess is played between two players. It is played on a square board divided into 64 squares of alternating colors. Each player starts the game with 16 pieces: one king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns. The goal of the game is to checkmate the other player’s king. This occurs when the king is in a position to be captured (in “check”), and there is no way to move the king out of capture (mate). Players move their pieces to try and position them to capture the opponent’s pieces, while also protecting their own pieces. The player with the white pieces moves first, and then players alternate turns. The game can also end in a draw if neither player is able to achieve checkmate.
Chess has a rich history and cultural significance, with the game being played by royalty and commoners alike, and serving as a reflection of medieval feudal society and a metaphor for war. Today, chess is a widely recognized and respected game, with millions of players worldwide and numerous international tournaments and organizations dedicated to the promotion and study of the game.
Below are all the chess pieces ranked from the most important (the King) to what some may say the least important (pawn)
On the left of the image is the actual representation(how it looks in real life) and on the right is the visual(symbolic) representation used in online games and text books
1. The king
The King is a crucial piece in the game, able to move one square in any direction. The objective is to place the opponent’s King in a state of checkmate, meaning it is threatened with capture and cannot escape.
3. The Rock
The Rooks are the next most powerful pieces. They can move any number of squares along a rank or file.
4. The Bishop
The Bishops are less powerful than the rooks. They can move any number of squares diagonally. Each player starts the game with two bishops, one on a white square and the other on a black square.
5. The Knight
The Knights are the only pieces that can “jump” over other pieces. They move in an “L” shape, two squares along a rank or file and then one square perpendicular.
6. The Pawn
The Pawns are the weakest pieces in the game. They can only move forward, and capture diagonally. They have the special ability to move two squares on their first move, and can also be promoted to any piece when they reach the eighth rank.
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Chess.com is a website that offers a variety of chess-related features, including the ability to play chess online against other players, watch and learn from chess videos and lessons, and access a large database of past chess games. Users can also join chess clubs, participate in tournaments, and track their progress and ratings. It’s a online chess platform that provides many feature to chess enthusiasts.
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